Could Musk's experiment with human-machine integration work by inserting chips into the human brain to control machines?

Recently, one of Musk's new plans is trending again: the brain on a chip. As the name suggests, it's a combination of chip and brain, and in fact, Elon Musk's brain implant company Neuralink is executing this crazy experiment in an experimental medical industry known as brain-computer Interface (BCI).

In the six years since Neuralink was founded, the field of brain-computer interfaces has made great strides, some of which have come from Neuralink's own work implanting devices into pigs and monkeys that, during experiments, play ping-pong using the chip's mind thanks to the digital remote sensing enabled by brain-computer interface technology. Now, for the first time, the next generation of brain-computer interfaces will be tested on humans in the United States.

Speaking of brain bonding, the idea actually predates Musk, so Musk is not the first person to invent brain-computer interfaces, which have been around for a long time. The only problem was that between 2016 and the mid - '90s, humans made almost no progress in improving the methodology and implementation of brain-computer interfaces, so Neuralink was born. It's a modern approach, applied to existing technology, to do exactly the same thing as Tesla. For the auto industry, they didn't invent the electric car, but they did integrate the technology into one product 39bet-xì dách-phỏm miền bắc-tiến lên miền bắc-xóc đĩa-game bắn cá.

The concept behind brain-computer interfaces is very simple. We know that the human brain is essentially just a soggy mass of electric meat, which works by generating specific electrical signals that are then sent through your nerves to your organs and muscles. These electrical pulses are like the body's programming language, and your brain sends command cues through your spinal cord, but sometimes the connection between the brain and body is broken by a physical injury or degenerative disease, so brain-computer interfaces can function like a bridge for those electrical signals to bypass the broken connection.

Existing BCI technologies can be divided into two ideas: invasive and non-invasive. You've probably seen non-invasive brain-computer interfaces. It's like a weird hat with a lot of electrode sensors on it. It can read the brain's electrical signals, but it's not very effective. There's a whole skull in there between the sensors and the neurons, so it's not very effective. It is like outside the stage at the concert, you might hear the bass, but you can't hear sound, so in order to establish a good connection with the brain, we need the brain machine interface for invasive operation, which is why invasive brain-computer interface of the current industry standard is creepy, because it is too much authority.

The place for an invasive brain-computer interface is something called the Utah Array, which is a square computer chip with some spikes on it. These spikes will into the brain's skull, then Utah outer array into your brain, and then directly on your head or a micro computing equipment. The equipment one end connected to the array has huge wires coming out from the other end. They usually need to do two times, so that your brain will have two sharp spines, two computer boxes, wire from the crown of your head. As cruel as that sounds, spikes can quickly and easily read electrical signals from cortical areas of the brain, which can then be read by a computer and translated into computer code.

Crucially, the process allows the implanted person to control electronic devices with their brain. They can control robotic limbs like their own arms or control computers to move a mouse or type on a keyboard. The downside of this approach is that it is limited to use in medical research environment, people can't use all of these things in life, they even can't maintain it in his own home, because the Utah array just a bunch of tiny nail your brain surface, and the human body will normally want to refuse the foreign object, so they could lead to a consequence, inflammation, And scar tissue forms around the puncture, ultimately rendering the device useless.

So now Musk we enter the next generation of brain-computer interface technology, currently led by startups such as Neuralink and Syncron, which just last year was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to begin human trials in the US. The first American patient has just received a stent implant and will be the first to receive a BCI implant. Six people later participated in a $10 million National Institutes of Health-funded study of STents, named after a common medical device called a stent. It's just a thin flexible tube that doctors can insert into a patient's blood vessels. If you have a blocked or narrowed artery, the doctor will insert a stent for you to keep it open so the blood can flow and you won't have a heart attack, so the stent actually sounds like a stent combined with a set of electrodes.

In the Syncron procedure, a stent with a catheter is inserted into the heart. When they pull the catheter back, the hollow wire mesh of the stent expands outward and makes contact with the vessel wall. The wire at the other end of the stent is connected to a very small computer device that is inserted into the chest cavity of the patient inside the stent. This procedure should be familiar to medical professionals, because it's actually the exact same procedure as inserting a pacemaker, except they insert wires into the brain instead of the heart. The implanted computer device will connect to the rest of the system via Bluetooth and can be paired with a computer or even a smartphone. And during surgery, patients don't feel any protrusions or have obvious signs that they have implants in their brains. The system can be used anywhere, and the surgery can be performed in any hospital setting in just a few hours, and most importantly, without opening a patient's skull or damaging his brain tissue.

2d29c06ed8b6181d02f944b05f61493dThere was a patient in the United States who was treated with a stent, a person with ALS. Before the surgery, they didn't have the ability to move their body or even speak, and now this person is able to use a computer and communicate through text. The surgery worked, but the fact that the electrodes that responded were not actually in the cortical tissue, and the neurons that physically interface with the brain, so the signal that traveled through the scaffold path was limited to match the bandwidth of the Utah array, so the surgery still didn't create a complete solution, Musk's Neuralink combines the best of both worlds -- traditional Utah arrays and modern scaffolds -- and takes that ability to the next level.

Neuralink is not only a small layer of nails on the nail in the brain, but with a robot sewing machine accurately is very fine and soft outer electrode wire inserted into the brain cortex, they only need a few millimeters, such robots can electrodes directly into the neurons, they want each link devices will have approximately 1000 such tiny wires, So will produce absolutely a large number of signals in the brain, and then connected to the electrode wire on the computer equipment is very small, can be installed in a perfectly new hollow space of the skull, and flush with bone in this way as long as the skin fold, and then suture, once the hair grow back, there will be no any obvious signs that you have a computer in the skull, It's hardwired into your brain like a stent.

The linked device will then be paired via Bluetooth with a computer or smartphone, which will read the signals generated in the brain and translate them into computer commands. Therefore, a very familiar and well-tested medical procedure will be used to handle electrode implantation when the student is implanted. Neuralink has proposed an unprecedented form of robotic brain surgery. No one has previously used a robotic sewing machine to sew wires into the human brain, which could mean Neuralink would need to submit a very thorough and well-tested proposal to the FDA in order to get their approval for human trials.

Neuralink is currently testing the device on pigs and monkeys, but in many cases the monkeys undergoing surgery either die during surgery or are euthanized immediately after. The monkey deaths were planned and a routine part of testing any medical device. In other cases, some monkeys have died from infections or complications directly related to Neurolink's surgery, an experiment that most people don't approve of on humanitarian grounds. But the monkey's death will not be in vain. It will open up a new world of brain-computer interfaces for humans. It may only be a matter of time before artificial humans move from the screen to the real world, don't you think?

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